Super women and console wars: what awaits us in 2020
What will happen and what to talk about in 2020? This publication found out with the BBC, it has compiled a selection of people and events that will attract the attention of the whole world.
It is too early to make predictions about the US presidential election.
In the end, the impeachment process of US President Donald Trump is in full swing, and the Democratic Party has not even chosen a candidate.
But in any case, the struggle for Senate seats will be of great importance in the November 3 elections.
Controlling the upper house makes life easier - or, conversely, complicates - for presidents, since the Senate has the final say on legislation, budget and the appointment of judges.
Republicans now have 53 out of 100 seats, but Trump's party will need to defend 23 seats in the election, compared with only 12 for Democrats who already have control of the lower house of representatives.
Trump may well be re-elected, but if the alignment of forces in the Senate changes, it will greatly complicate his life.
New Arab Spring?
In the second half of 2019, protests rocked Iraq, Egypt and Lebanon (Algeria and Sudan faced them in the first half), and this led people to talk about a new “Arab Spring”.
This name was given to the wave of uprisings, which swept through many Arab countries in 2011.
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“The four countries that have seen waves of protests in 2019 - Algeria, Sudan, Iraq and Lebanon - are the countries that were left without an Arab Spring in 2011,” says Dalia Ghanem, researcher at the Carnegie Middle East Center.
“This is a new season of discontent,” she adds.
But will demonstrations continue in 2020, or perhaps even intensify?
“This wave of public discontent is likely to spread to other countries as well,” says Ishak Divan, an Arab world expert and professor at PSL University in Paris.
“The main difference from the first wave of 2011 is economic conditions. Growth has slowed, government debt has risen and unemployment has increased, ”he adds.
“Therefore, if the driving force behind the preliminary uprising (in 2011) was the struggle for dignity, today people are more likely to drive out hunger at protest actions,” he said. Sofa.
Is anyone there?
The existence of planets outside our solar system is no longer news - more than 1990 have been discovered since the late 4000s.
But the launch of the Cheops space telescope on December 18 ushered in a new era in their exploration: Over the next three years, this ESA craft will take a close look at 400-500 exoplanets.
It will explore several characteristics of the planets to identify "promising themes" for the next generation of "explorers", which include NASA's James Webb Space Telescope (JWST), which is due to launch in 2021.
Elections to Watch Out for Beijing
Over the past months, China has had a lot of problems because of the protests in Hong Kong, but already at the beginning of next year, new challenges will appear before its leaders.
Taiwan is an island that China considers to be its province, but it is effectively independent from China after the communist government came to power after World War II.
And on January 11 there will be a presidential election.
Possible bad news for Beijing: polls show that President Cai Inwen has a good chance of re-election.
The Tsai Democratically Progressive Party has a strong nationalist stance and advocates for independence, aided by increased protests in Hong Kong.
In a recent poll published on December 17, Ms. Tsai was 38 points ahead of her main opponent.
African Lions on the alert
The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) entered into force on May 30, 2019. It is the world's largest free trade zone in terms of the number of member countries (54).
It has been called a "political, economic and diplomatic milestone" that will drive growth on the continent - the International Monetary Fund calculated that the trade deal could boost economic prosperity for the continent as a whole by two to four percent.
They plan to start free trade in July, which is expected to be an incentive for business between African countries: exports between the countries of the continent accounted for less than 20% of total trade in 2018, which is significantly lower than in Asia (59%) and Europe (69 %).
New star in the Olympic horizon
The Olympic Games have opened the world to many young geeks.
American diver Marjorie Gesting was just 13 years old when she won the gold medal at the 1936 Berlin Games and became the youngest official Olympic champion - although an unknown French boy aged 7-10 is believed to have helped the Dutch rowing team win the grand prize at Olympics in Paris in 1900.
But Sky Brown wants to break that record.
In an era when elite competitions are much tougher than 80 years ago, the 11-year-old British skateboarder received a bronze medal at the World Championships in September 2019 and will become the UK's youngest Olympic athlete if she gets the right to participate in the Games in Tokyo.
The games will be held from July 24 to August 9, and this year the program will debut skateboarding, rock climbing, surfing, karate and softball.
Will malaria disappear in a few more countries?
Malaria - a disease transmitted by mosquitoes - killed more than 2018 people in 405 - with 000 million cases reported by the World Health Organization.
The good news is that the number of cases worldwide has declined, and nine countries can completely eradicate the disease in 2020.
Among them, in particular, may be China. Previously, this most populated country on Earth had approximately 30 million cases and 300 thousand deaths per year due to malaria.
Iran, Belize, El Salvador, Suriname, Cape Verde, Bhutan, East Timor and Malaysia are also on the path to ending the disease.
WHO indicates that of the 91 countries at risk, 38 have already eliminated the disease.
Superwomen on screen
Hollywood has many new products planned for 2020, but one trend stands out among them - women have got the main roles in superhero films.
In addition to the new Wonder Woman film, the adventures of the Black Widow, the character played by Scarlett Johansson in the Avengers franchise, will be shown on screens around the world.
The villains will also find their place: if in 2019 the star of the Joker shone brightly, then in 2020 will be the year of his mistress and accomplice Harley Queen.
The "last" return of the main spy
No Time to Die - 25 James Bond (although there were three other films that are generally not considered “official”) British actor Daniel Craig's last appearance in this role.
There will certainly be plenty of talk and theories regarding the next incarnation of the famous secret agent, especially considering that in the film Craig plays a retired Bond who, among others, faces a new female agent “00”.
The Greta Effect will affect travel
"Slow travel" emerged several years ago as another area of "slow movement" - a culture of general slowing down of the rhythm of life.
However, propaganda for “trains over airplanes” took on new meaning after climate activist Greta Thunberg made it part of her campaign against climate change.
To reduce the carbon footprint, she travels long distances by trains instead of flying, and even sailed the Atlantic for a speech at the UN in New York.
Although other travelers may not go this far, slow travels have identified one of the leading trends in the travel industry in 2020, particularly the Association of British Travel Agents (ABTA).
The future belongs to VSCO
15-year-old American Emma Marie is one of the apologists for VSCO, a trend that has spread like wildfire on the Internet. Her YouTube account has over 1000000 subscribers.
VSCO is a teenage, informal fashion subculture with a green twist.
It got its name from the image editing and sharing program of the same name, and the New York Times described it as a "relaxed ecological aesthetic."
A sign that this is something more than a passing trend is that the VSCO movement is affecting the business: a survey in the United States found a 21% reduction in makeup spending among teenage girls in 2019.
Billy Isle's Rise
When the 62 Grammy nominations were announced in November, many talked about the defeat of South Korean pop group BTS.
Representatives of the K-POP trend did not fall into any categories, despite the fact that they are breaking record after record in the music industry.
These conversations were somewhat overshadowed by the breakthrough of Billy Elish.
The 17-year-old American singer-songwriter has received nominations for all major prizes - including Song of the Year, Record of the Year, Album of the Year, and Best New Artist.
In 2020, she will go on her first world tour of 42 concerts on three continents.
Prepare your payment cards: in 2020, both Sony and Microsoft will release new game consoles.
Sony's PS5 and Microsoft's Xbox Project Scarlett are due out later this year and promise to take video games to the next level, especially in terms of graphics.
Both products are still shrouded in mystery, although game industry insiders speculate that consoles will cost about $ 500.
Microsoft is trying to fight Sony's dominance: As of October 2019, Sony has sold over 100 million PS4 units worldwide, more than double sales of Microsoft's equivalent Xbox One product (43 million), according to consultancy VG Chartz.
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