Russian toasts and KGB agents: the CIA declassified 1500 documents on the Kennedy case and there are many interesting things
A year before the assassination of John F. Kennedy, the US Embassy in Australia received a call warning of an impending assassination attempt. This is stated in one of almost 1500 documents in the Kennedy case, which were declassified in the United States in December this year. BBC.
Of greatest interest are CIA reports, which reveal details of surveillance operations on Lee Harvey Oswald, the main suspect in the Kennedy assassination. According to reports, Oswald traveled to Mexico two months before the Dallas shots, where he met with KGB officers.
About 15 thousand documents on the Kennedy assassination still remain fully or partially classified. In accordance with the executive order of President Joe Biden, they will be published no earlier than December 2022.
John F. Kennedy - American political, statesman and public figure, 35th President of the United States (1961-1963). Born into a wealthy family of Irish descent.
A World War II lieutenant, Kennedy spent the entire campaign in the Solomon Islands as the commanding officer of the PT-109 torpedo boat. For the bravery shown during hostilities, he was awarded many awards.
Immediately after the end of the war, he began his political career, in 1947 he was elected from Massachusetts to the US House of Representatives, where he remained until 1953. From 1953 to 1960 he was a Senator from Massachusetts and held this position until 1960, when 43-year-old Kennedy, a Democrat, defeated Republican Richard Nixon by a narrow margin in the next presidential election.
Almost three years of Kennedy's presidency was marked by the Berlin Crisis, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the Bay of Pigs operation, the space race between the USSR and the USA, which led to the start of the Apollo space program, as well as serious steps to overcome racial discrimination.
According to most citizens of the country, Kennedy is one of the ten greatest American presidents in history.
In the modern public consciousness, Kennedy is most often associated with his murder, which shook the whole world, numerous hypotheses for the resolution of which are put forward to this day.
On November 22, 1963, while on an election trip in an open limousine on a central street in Dallas, Texas, John F. Kennedy was fatally wounded at 12:30 pm by a sniper rifle.
The President was immediately taken to hospital, where, after unsuccessful resuscitation attempts, he died at about 13:00 local time.
The Warren Commission, set up by Congress, revealed that former Marine Lee Harvey Oswald was Kennedy's killer.
On September 26, 1963, Oswald went to Mexico. As noted in a declassified CIA document, he entered the country by car, "claiming that he is a photographer, lives in New Orleans and is heading for Mexico City."
Apparently, the CIA closely followed Oswald as he moved around the Mexican capital. The report even indicates the time of each of Oswald's three visits to the Cuban embassy.
A former Marine was trying to get a transit visa. He claimed that he wanted to visit Cuba on his way to the Soviet Union. Cuban officials asked for confirmation of this from the Soviet side. Then Oswald went to the USSR embassy and asked for an entry visa. They replied that they would be able to answer this request within 3-4 months. As a result, Oswald traveled between the consulates for five days without achieving the desired result.
On September 26 or September 28 (the date is not clearly legible in the documents) Oswald met in Mexico City with an employee of the USSR Embassy Valery Kostikov. According to declassified CIA documents, Kostikov is an experienced KGB officer serving in Directorate 13. It, according to American intelligence, was engaged in assassination attempts and subversive activities.
Kostikov came to the attention of the FBI during the surveillance of a certain citizen of the Federal Republic of Germany who lived in Oklahoma and was recruited by the KGB. Counterintelligence officers were able to turn this man over and assigned him the pseudonym “Tumbleweed”.
And then information about the meetings of the double agent went straight to the FBI. This is how they learned the details of how Tumbleweed met Kostikov in Mexico City, and in New York contacted another KGB officer, Oleg Brykin. According to the double agent, during these meetings the Chekists "pointed out targets for sabotage".
Vodka, Polish chauffeur and confusion
After Kennedy's assassination, the CIA established round-the-clock surveillance of Kostikov, as well as several members of the Cuban and Soviet intelligence. But, according to the report, the surveillance "showed nothing unusual."
KGB veterans who spoke with Oswald described him as a nervous and unpredictable person, unsuitable for use as an agent.
“Oswald is a person who is difficult to program and calculate his reaction to certain circumstances. He belonged to the category of people with an unstable psyche, a neurotic disposition with a manifestation of hysteria in some situations. But at the same time, when he set a goal for himself, he could mobilize and subordinate everything to its achievement, ”said retired KGB colonel Oleg Nechiporenko. According to him, he met with Oswald twice, including in Mexico two months before the assassination of Kennedy.
Judging by the general array of declassified documents, the US intelligence services have been working on the theory for many years that Soviet intelligence could be involved in the Kennedy assassination.
But KGB informants of the American special services argued that the USSR had nothing to do with Oswald and Moscow was not involved in the assassination of the American president. According to informed FBI sources in the Soviet Union, "The Kremlin was in disarray and shock" upon learning of the assassination attempt on Kennedy.
A new batch of declassified documents mentions anonymous calls made to the US Embassy in Australia in 1962 and 1963.
For the first time, an unknown person who called himself “the Polish driver of the USSR Embassy in Australia, called on October 15, 1962 and said that there was a plan to kill President Kennedy, the executor was ready to pay $ 100 thousand. According to the caller, the plan was developed by "the countries on the other side of the Iron Curtain," as well as "the communists in England, Hong Kong and possibly other countries."
On November 24, 1963, that is, two days after the assassination of Kennedy, a man who again introduced himself as a Polish chauffeur called the US Embassy again and said that the Soviet government had financed the assassination of the US President. The “chauffeur” claimed that on the morning after the assassination of Kennedy, vodka was poured at the Soviet embassy and drank “for having achieved what we wanted.”
Diplomats and CIA officials took note of these incidents and consulted with colleagues in Australia. “Australian officials in charge of this case think the caller is crazy. They note that the Soviet missions in Australia use only Soviet drivers, there is no evidence of the use of Polish drivers, ”the text of the report says.
Statements and doubts
The Warren Commission, created specifically to investigate the Kennedy assassination, concluded in 1964 that the president had been killed by a bullet from Oswald, who had acted alone for unknown reasons.
In a previously declassified 73-page CIA report, a number of intelligence officials doubted that Oswald was the only participant in the crime. “The agency and its residencies, especially in Mexico City and Miami, did not lose sight of the possibility that Oswald was not acting alone,” the report says (date of creation of this paper is not specified).
At the same time, one of the now declassified documents notes that the CIA refused to provide more detailed information about Oswald's visit to Mexico to representatives of the US House of Representatives Special Committee (SCPC), created in 1976 to investigate the Kennedy assassination. The committee was prevented from meeting with former CIA officers and informers and some other people who allegedly spoke with Oswald in Mexico City.
“There is a possibility that a certain US government agency has asked the Mexican authorities to refrain from assisting the Committee in this regard,” the UPC said.
Immediately after Kennedy's assassination, US Ambassador to Mexico Thomas Mann wrote to Washington, recalling Oswald's recent visit to Mexico City and expressing his suspicions that Oswald might not have acted alone. However, Mann, he said, was ordered to cease all actions that could "confirm or deny rumors of Cuban involvement" in the Kennedy assassination. More than 20 years later, speaking in front of the UPC, Mann said that he received the order, classified as "top secret," from US Secretary of State Dean Rusk.
Mann believed that the head of the CIA station in Mexico, Winston Scott, received a similar order. In his memoirs, declassified after his death, Scott does not mention anything about this.
Many researchers agree that at the moment we know quite a bit about what exactly Oswald did in Mexico two months before the assassination of Kennedy and what his motives were. It is hoped that the answers to at least some of the questions can be found in the documents, which should be declassified in the coming years.
When will the remaining documents be declassified?
The first batch of declassified documents in the Kennedy case was published in 1992. Interestingly, this happened a year after the phenomenal success of Oliver Stone's film John F. Kennedy. Shots in Dallas ”(eng.“ JFK ”). The picture is based on one of the conspiracy theories of the Kennedy assassination.
The release of the film on the screens caused a great public outcry. Shortly thereafter, the US Congress passed legislation mandating the release of all classified documents related to the Kennedy assassination over the next 25 years. Only a few files could remain unpublished if they could harm the security of the United States.
It turns out that the entire archive on the Kennedy case should have been declassified in 2017.
However, Trump postponed publication until 2021, citing requests from US intelligence agencies. One of the intelligence's arguments was that the intelligence service informants mentioned in the documents may still be alive, and this could threaten their safety.
But there was no breakthrough in 2021 either. Of the nearly 1500 documents declassified this time, the overwhelming majority are duplicates of previously published papers.
The only difference is that earlier, many of the names or names of the CIA stations mentioned in the reports were edited (covered with black stripes), and now they are made public. But over the years since the publication of the previous batch of declassified papers, researchers have already figured out most of these names and locations.
“Biden is the first president to come close to recognizing what conspiracy theorists have cynically talked about for a long time. Some of the archives of the Kennedy affair may never be made public. Or they will not be published, at least as long as those who remember where they were on November 22, 1963, when the shocking news came from Dallas, are still alive, ”wrote the author of books on the Kennedy assassination Philip Chenon.
What other secrets can there be in the documents?
At the moment, about 15 thousand more documents are classified, one way or another related to the Kennedy case. However, you can look at the list of these files. Based on the list, most of the classified papers are CIA and FBI reports on operations from the 1960s and 1970s.
US Congressman Steve Cohen believes that the secret services are trying to slow down the publication of documents from the archive, because the remaining files may show incompetence or wrongdoing on the part of the CIA, FBI and other departments.
From the already declassified files, it is clear that the secret services kept Oswald under close scrutiny for several months before the murder, but missed the opportunity to stop him.
For example, in a declassified 1964 FBI report, Oswald had spoken several times in Mexico about plans to assassinate Kennedy. The CIA knew that Oswald had met in Mexico City with Cuban diplomats and a Soviet intelligence officer from the assassination and sabotage department. But there is no evidence that the secret services have somehow reacted to these actions of the former Marine.
Congressman Cohen believes that the documents remaining in the archives are unlikely to refute the version that Oswald was the only gunman.
The members of the supervisory board who collected and submitted to the US National Archives all documents on the Kennedy case (before the papers are declassified, they must be kept in this archive), they cannot talk about the contents of the classified files, since they signed a nondisclosure agreement. But they say they have not seen any sensational revelations or “skeletons in the closet” in unpublished documents.
So far, there is no indication that classified files will disprove the theory that Oswald acted alone. But several members of the supervisory board said that some of the documents they saw could have meaning that the researchers did not understand when they collected them.
Assassination of the President
According to the official version, Kennedy was mortally wounded by a rifle shot on November 22, 1963, while he and his wife, Jacqueline, were driving through the streets of Dallas with his wife, Jacqueline. The Governor of Texas, John Connally, who was traveling with Kennedy, was wounded.
A little over an hour later, the police detained Lee Harvey Oswald on suspicion of the Kennedy assassination. Oswald himself denied the charges against him and said that he was a puppet in the wrong hands.
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After 2 days, Oswald was taken out of the Dallas Police Department to be transferred to the county jail. At that moment, he was shot by the owner of the nightclub, Jack Ruby. Oswald was wounded in the stomach and died a few hours later in that same hospital where President Kennedy had previously died of his wounds.
Opinion polls show that about 70% of US residents do not believe in the official version of the murder. In a 2017 poll, 61% of Americans said they believed Oswald was not acting alone.
Supporters of the most popular alternative theories believe that the mafia, American intelligence, Cuban leader Fidel Castro, or some right-wing millionaires could have been involved in the Kennedy assassination, together or separately.
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