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Fires and hurricanes: how to prepare for an emergency evacuation

Wildfires are raging in California, and two tropical storms are looming in the southern United States. Millions of Americans are forced to evacuate to save their lives. What to do in an emergency and what to take with you, the publication said. Mercury News.

Photo: Shutterstock

As the disasters continue, it is time to re-check your emergency and evacuation preparedness.

Don't wait for warnings or evacuation orders. According to safety experts, preparation is important so you can relieve stress.

The Emergency Management Agency encourages everyone to become familiar with the risks and develop a family disaster plan that takes into account factors: be mindful of people with special needs, such as the elderly or babies, and any pets.

How to Prepare for Trouble

Evacuation may be required at any time of the day or night. Here are a few things you can do now to prepare for emergencies that you may face later.

What to take, if time permits:

  • Photos of all family members.
  • Food and water (if possible for seven days)
  • Pets (with prior warning, take to an approved shelter)
  • Pet tags, medicines, leashes and water bowls.
  • Change of clothes for each person (from one to seven days).
  • Mobile phones and chargers. Notebook. External backup hard drives.
  • Medical and car insurance cards and related documents.
  • Ownership certificates.
  • Marriage certificate.
  • Tax documents.
  • Birth certificates.
  • Driver's license.
  • Checkbook, credit cards, cash, wallet.
  • Medications, including analgesics and motion sickness pills.
  • First aid kit.
  • Prescription glasses, dentures, hearing aids.
  • Jewelry.
  • Irreplaceable souvenirs.
  • Flashlights and walkie-talkie with spare batteries.

How to prepare for an indoor emergency

  • Assemble an emergency kit - water, flashlights, radio and fire extinguisher. Purchase spare batteries. Buy or create a first aid kit. Take water and non-perishable food.
  • Buy a high capacity rechargeable batterywhich can keep smartphones and other devices charged in the event of a power outage.
  • Store your most important things. In the face of loss, everything may seem important, but paperwork is necessary. Collect birth certificates, insurance and mortgage documents. Keep some cash on hand. Then store everything in one convenient place from where you can take it straight away.
  • Check and service all household smoke and carbon monoxide detectors. Replace batteries if necessary. The National Fire Protection Association recommends a complete replacement of smoke detectors every 10 years.
  • Find network connections and learn how to turn off gas, electricity and water if necessary.
  • Clean and maintain clothes dryers (potential fire source in the home). Always use a lint filter and clean it before or after loading laundry. Remember to clean the fluff from the drum.
  • Draw a diagram of your home. Plan two options for exiting each room, especially the bedroom.
  • Take care of how your pets will be picked up from home.

How to prepare for an emergency outside the home:

  • Remove leaves and other debris from roofs, gutters, decks, terraces and verandas.
  • Cut off all the trees near the house, especially get rid of hanging branches and trim bushes.
  • Walk around the house and remove anything that might catch fire within 30 feet (9 m) of the building.

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