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Bu məqalə Google Translate servisi vasitəsi ilə avtomatik olaraq rus dilindən azərbaycan dilinə tərcümə olunmuşdur. Bundan sonra mətn redaktə edilməmişdir.

Why everyone continues to wear masks, knowing that they do not protect against coronavirus

The new coronavirus disease COVID-19 is actively spreading in the United States. Since there is currently no vaccine for it, the most powerful weapon Americans have, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), are preventive measures such as hand washing and disinfection. surfaces, reports TEAM.

Photo: shutterstock

The simplicity of these recommendations probably worries people who want to do something else to protect themselves, so it’s not surprising that face masks are instantly sold out. Despite the fact that CDCs do not specifically recommend them to be worn by healthy people trying to defend themselves against COVID-19.

“It seems intuitively obvious that if you place something - be it a scarf or a mask - in front of your nose and mouth, it will filter out some of the viruses around it,” says Dr. William Schaffner, professor of medicine in the Department of Infectious Diseases at Vanderbilt University.

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“The problem is that it is ineffective against respiratory diseases like influenza and COVID-19. If it helped, the CDC would have recommended it years ago, ”he says.

It is scientifically confirmed that surgical masks do not save the wearer from inhaling small particles in the air that can cause infection. These masks are not tight to the face. CDC recommends surgical masks only for people who already have coronavirus symptoms and have to go outside. Wearing a mask can help prevent the spread of the virus, protecting others in case of coughing or sneezing. The agency recommends these masks for people caring for people infected with the virus.

The CDC also discourages people other than healthcare workers from using N95 respirators - tight-fitting masks that are designed to filter 95% of airborne particles.

Doctors and health experts continue to spread the word about the need to stop mass buying masks because they are ineffective. And they also warn that in this way doctors and people caring for sick people at home may lose the opportunity to purchase the mask they need. In an interview with Fox & Friends, Dr. Jerome Adams, US chief surgeon, said wearing a mask could even increase the risk of contracting the virus.

“People who don’t know how to wear them have a tendency to constantly touch their face, which can actually increase the risk of contracting the coronavirus,” says Dr. Adams.

But people continue to buy and wear masks.

Some people think that wearing a mask reduces the amount of touching your nose and mouth, but there is no evidence to support this. Other causes are purely psychological. One of them is related to the fear of losing conditional control over the likelihood of contracting a virus, of which we know little.

Using a mask, even with an understanding of its low effectiveness, gives people an inner sense of control over the situation.

Lynn Bufka, clinical psychologist and senior director of practice, research and policy at the American Psychological Association, suspects that people “cling to” masks for the same reason they knock on wood or avoid walking under stairs.

“Even if experts say that nothing really changes, a small fraction of people think it won't hurt. Perhaps this will reduce the risk a little, so it is worth wearing a mask, ”she said.

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In this sense, wearing a mask is "superstitious behavior." If someone wore a mask during the spread of coronavirus or other viral disease and did not get sick, he may decide that this is the reason and continue to wear it.

The situation where everyone around you is wearing masks, and you are not, can also increase anxiety about the coronavirus and create the impression that the virus is somewhere nearby, even if it is not, says Bufka. At the same time, a person has uncertainty about his own decision not to wear a mask.

Watching masked celebrity pics they post on social media (like Gwyneth Paltrow, Bella Hadid and others) can also reinforce the idea that this is useful. Perhaps a celebrity post about the benefits of handwashing would have a greater impact on people's minds than expert opinion.

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Miscellaneous infection Educational program coronavirus medical masks protective masks
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