Record invasion of ticks in New York: how to avoid dangerous infections
Ticks can be infected with bacteria, viruses or parasites. According to the Federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, some of the most common tick-borne diseases in the United States include Lyme disease, babesiosis, ehrlichiosis and Rocky Mountain spotted fever, writes Fox News.
Lyme disease causes fever, headache, fatigue and skin rashes and, if left untreated, can spread to the joints, heart and nervous system of a person. How to avoid tick-borne infections?
1. Do not turn off the tracks
“Avoid thickets and scrubbery as there are likely to be ticks,” says infectious disease specialist Sunil Soud, chair of pediatrics at Northwell Health Southside Hospital in Bay Shore, New York.
“Ticks climb on blades of grass, so walk in the middle of the trail, try not to enter the grass and avoid fallen leaves. They also like to gather under logs or trees, so don't rest under an oak tree or other trees, ”adds Sunya Schweig, MD, member of the Bay Area Lyme Council of Advisors and CEO and Co-Director of the California Center for Functional Medicine. in Berkeley, California.
If you plan to hike, spend time in a park or recreation area, ask a forester or other official about the current situation with ticks, expert ticks expert John Abbott, Ph.D., director of museum research and collections at the Museums of Alabama University in Tuscaloosa.
3. Use insect repellent
“Diethyltoluamide is safe for people over 2 months old. Choose and use foods with 25 to 50 percent diethyltoluamide. They have to provide up to six hours of protection, ”says Dr. Sud.
4. Closed clothes
“Wear closed-toe boots and long pants,” Abbott says.
You can purchase clothes that have already been treated with an insecticide that will protect against ticks.
“Treat clothing, including hats, shorts, socks and trainers, with insect repellents, as well as outdoor furniture such as patios and tents, but do not use on leather,” Sud says.
Another tip: if you wear light-colored clothes, you can quickly notice ticks and shake them off before they hit your skin.
5. After the walk, send the clothes to the dryer.
After returning from the walk, remove all clothing and socks and place on the 20 minutes in the dryer at a high drying temperature. This will kill all ticks, including those carrying Lyme disease, which could attach to your clothes or socks.
- Recall that in the period from 2004 to 2016, more than 69 000 cases of tick-borne diseases were registered in New York. In addition, in New York State, the third largest number of ticks was recorded in 2017, which is 15% more than in the previous year.
- This year, the invasion of ticks will be one of the worst in history. In 2019, the entire state of New York captured ticks, hitting almost all regions. According to forecasts, a total of 2020 will be diagnosed with Lyme disease, a drug-resistant variety, by 2 to millions of Americans.
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